Nepal is a land of amazing extremes. Altitude ranges from near sea level to the highest point on the planet- the summit of Mt. Everest at 8848 meters- all within a north-south distance of around 200 kilometers. This extraordinary topographical variation allows Nepal to be home to an equally diverse flora and fauna. In addition to the superb natural beauty, Nepal is also home to a remarkable number of ethnic groups, cultures, traditions and languages. It is undoubtedly one of the finest places in the world to enjoy a relaxing vacation- be it simple sightseeing tours or the more challenging adventure activities.
Recorded history of Nepal is centered on the Kathmandu valley and begins with the Kirantis who are said to have ruled for many centuries beginning from the 7th or 8th Century B.C. with their famous King Yalumber who is even mentioned in the epic, ‘Mahabharata’. The Gopalas who were herdsmen are believed to have ruled before the Kirantis but little is known about them. Their descendants are said to still live at the edge of the valley. Around 300 A.D. the Lichavis arrived from northern India and overthrew the Kirantis. The descendants of the Kirantis are the Rais and Limbus who predominate in eastern Nepal. One of the legacies of the Lichavis is the fabulous Changu Narayan temple near Bhaktapur which dates back to the 5th Century. In early 7th Century, Amshuvarman, the first Thakuri king took over the throne from his father-in-law who was a Lichavi. He married off his daughter Bhrikuti to the famous Tibetan King Tsong Tsen Gampo thus establishing good relations with that country. Bhrikuti went on to convert the king to Buddhism. The Lichavis brought art and architecture to the valley but the Golden age of creativity arrived with the Mallas who came to power around 1200 A.D.
Nepal briefly :
Area : 147,181 sq.km
Capital : Kathmandu
Population : 22 Million
Currency : Nepali Rupee
Political System : Multiparty Democracy with constitutional monarchy.
People : Nepal has more than 40 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages.
Language : Nepali is the national language. However travel- trade people understand and speak English as well.
Religion : Nepal enjoys the distinction of being the only Hindu Kingdom in the world. However, there is a harmonious blending Hinduism and Buddhism
Climate : Nepal has four major seasons, i.e. Winter; Spring; Summer and Autumn. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
Sights of Nepal
The beauty of Nepal can be found everywhere- be it the domineering mountainous terrain or the mustard fields of the southern plains- in the lakes, river and gorges; in the arts, crafts and architecture; or in the warm smiles and hospitable nature of the people.
Kathmandu, the capital and the gateway to most of the visitors, is a wonder in itself. Kathmandu Valley, surrounded by green hills, consists of Kathmandu and two other cities- Patan and Bhaktapur- and boasts of seven landmarks designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.